“The principle of net neutrality is that Internet Service Providers (ISPs) should treat all Internet traffic the same way (Dolasia, 2015). This principle worked as a charm for years without regulations. Problems aroused with the introduction of services such as Netflix, YouTube and Skype that requires more bandwidth than before, illustrated by the Netflix vs. Comcast case. This type of service is referred to as over-the-top content (OTT) which is delivery of primarily video and audio over the Internet (ibid).
The ISPs have spent billions of Euros on infrastructure by laying cables in the ground which they of course want a return on investment off (Dolasia, 2015). Therefore the ISPs want to create “fast lanes” with prioritized traffic for the OTTs with a monthly fee for having their content load faster than others. Some ISPs justifies the fee by saying that the additional costs in relation to content streaming should be paid by the specific OTT rather than all the ISPs subscribers (ibid).”
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